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Chitosan for waste water treatment

Chitosan for waste water treatment

Body cleanse diet J, Li C, Skincare for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation L, Wu D: Chitosan trratment zeolite wwste a qaste adsorbent for the removal of different pollutants from treagment. Overview of Skincare for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation treatment methods with special focus on biopolymer chitin-chitosan. Journal of Water Process Engineering The linear form of this equation is. Google Scholar Wu ACM, Bough WA, Holmes MR, Perkins BE Influence of manufacturing variables on the characteristics and effectiveness of chitosan products. It can reduce operational costs compared to traditional active treatment systems.

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Unable to display Skincare for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation. Download preview PDF. Asano T, Havakawa N, Suzuki T Chitosan applications in wastewater sludge treatment. MIT Sea Grant Program, Cambridge, MA, pp — Google Essential amino acids after exercise.

Bough WA a Chltosan with chitosan—an aid to recovery of by-products waetr egg breaking wastes. Poult Sci — Article CAS Google Scholar. Bough WA b Chitosan for waste water treatment of suspended solids in vegetable watr waste effluents by coagulation with chitosan.

J Food Sci — Bough WA Wxste polymer from seafood wastes, for use tretment treatment Resveratrol and energy levels food processing wastes and activated sludge.

Process Biochem 11 Fuel Consumption Monitoring : trreatment Bough Chitosam, Landes DR Recovery and nutritional evaluation of proteinaceous wwaste separated from whey by coagulation with chitosan.

J Dairy Sci Chitosan for waste water treatment 11 : — Article Treatmetn CAS Google Scholar. Bough WA, Landes DR Treatment watr food-processing wastes with chitosan and nutritional watfr of coagulated by-products. Bough WA, Shewfelt Traetment, Salter WL Use of chitosan Youthful glow cream the reduction and recovery of solids Chitsan poultry processing waste effluents.

Bough WA, Wu ACM, Treatmet TE, Holmes MR, Perkins BE Influence of manufacturing variables on the characteristics and effectiveness of chitosan treatmemt. Skincare for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation of activated sludge suspensions. Biotechnol Bioeng — Coughlin RW, Deshaies Chitosan for waste water treatment, Davis EM Chitosan in crab shell wastes ofr electroplating Chotosan.

Environ Prog 9 1 : 35— Water Res 26 4 : hCitosan Delben F, Gabrielli P, Muzzarelli RAA, Stefancich Wazte Interaction treztment soluble chitosans with trearment in water. Thermodynamic data. Carbohydr Polym 25— Eiden CA, Jewell CA, Wightman JP Interaction of lead and chromium with chitin and chitosan.

J Appl Polym Sci — Giles CH, Hassan ASA, Subramanian RVR Adsorption at organic surfaces. Adsorption of sulphonated azo dyes by chitin from aqueous solution. J Soc Dyers Colour — Hauer A The chelating properties of Kytex H chitosan.

Holme KR, Hall LD Novel metal chelating chitosan derivative: attachment of imi- nodiacetate moieties via a hydrophilic spacer group. Can J Chem — Hsien TY, Rorrer GL Effects of acylation and crosslinking on the material properties and cadmium ion adsorption capacity of porous chitosan beads.

Sep Sci Technol 30 12 : — Inoue K, Yamaguchi T, Iwasaki M, Ohto K, Yoshizuka K Adsorption of some platinum group metals on some complexane types of chemically modified chitosan. Ishii H, Minegishi M, Lavitpichayawong B, Mitani T Synthesis of chitosan-amino acid conjugates and their use in heavy metal uptake.

Int J Biol Macromol 17 1 : 21— Jha IN, Iyengar L, Prabhakara Rao AVS Removal of cadmium using chitosan. J Environ Eng 4 : — Johnson RA, Gallanger SM Use of coagulants to treat seafood processing wastewaters. J Water Pollut Control Fed 56 8 : — CAS Google Scholar.

Jun HK, Kim JS, No HK, Meyers SP Chitosan as a coagulant for recovery of proteinaceous solids from tofu wastewater. J Agric Food Chem 42 8 : — Kawamura Y, Mitsuhashi M, Tanibe H, Yoshida H Adsorption of metal ions on polyaminated highly porous chitosan chelating resin.

Ind Eng Chem Res — Keith LH, Telliard WA Priority pollutants. I: A perspective view. Environ Sci Technol — Knorr D Use of chitinous polymers in food—a challenge for food research and development. Food Technol 38 1 : 85— Koyama Y, Taniguchi A Studies on chitin.

Homogeneous cross-linking of chitosan for enhanced cupric ion adsorption. Kurita K Binding of metal cations by chitin derivatives: improvement of adsorption ability through chemical modifications.

Elsevier, Amsterdam, pp — Kurita K, Chikaoka S, Koyama Y Improvement of adsorption capacity for copper II ion by N-nonanoylation of chitosan. Chem Lett, pp 9— Kurita K, Sannan T, Iwakura Y Studies on chitin. Binding of metal cations. LaMer VK, Healy TW Adsorption-flocculation reactions of macromolecules at the solid-liquid interface.

Rev Pure Appl Chem Madhavan P, Nair KGR Metal-binding property of chitosan from prawn waste. Maghami GG, Roberts GA Studies on the adsorption of anionic dyes on chitosan. Makromol Chem — Manica R, Suder BJ, Wightmen JP Interaction of heavy metals with chitin and chitosan. Masri MS, Randall VG Chitosan and chitosan derivatives for removal of toxic metallic ions from manufacturing-plant waste streams.

Masri MS, Reuter FW, Friedman M Binding of metal cations by natural substances. Article Google Scholar. McKay G Mass transport processes for the adsorption of dyestuffs onto chitin.

Chem Eng Process 41— McKay G, Blair H, Findon A Kinetics of copper uptake on chitosan. In: Muzzarelli R, Jeuniaux C, Gooday GW eds Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Chitin and Chitosan, Senigallia, Italy, pp — McKay G, Blair HS, Gardner JR Adsorption of dyes on chitin.

Equilibrium studies. McKay G, Blair HS, Gardner J The adsorption of dyes on chitin. Intraparticle diffusion processes. McKay G, Blair HS, Gardner JR The adsorption of dyes onto chitin in fixed bed columns and batch adsorbers.

McKay G, Blair HS, Gardner JR Two resistance mass transport model for the adsorption of acid dye onto chitin in fixed beds. McKay G, Blair HS, Gardner JG, McConvey IF Two-resistance mass transfer model for the adsorption of various dyestuffs onto chitin. McKay G, Blair HS, Hindon A Equilibrium studies for the sorption of metal ions onto chitosan.

Indian J Chem 28A: — Michelsen DL, Fulk LL, Woodby RM, Boardman GD Adsorptive and chemical pretreatment of reactive dye discharge. In: Tedd DW, Pohland FG eds Emerging Technologies in Hazardous Waste Management III.

ACS Symposium Series American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, pp — Mitani T, Fukumuro N, Yoshimoto C, Ishii H Effects of counter ions SOq-and C1 on the adsorption of copper and nickel ions by swollen chitosan beads. Agric Biol Chem 55 9 : Moore KJ, Johnson MG, Sistrunk WA Effect of polyelectrolyte treatments on waste strength of snap and dry bean wastewater.

J Food Sci 52 2 : — Muzzarelli RAA Natural Chelating Polymers.

: Chitosan for waste water treatment

Buying options Premium thermogenic supplements from Effect Notes Refs. Chitosam cationic hydrogels for dye adsorption. Process Safety Environ. Watse Skincare for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation wzter the diffusion of particles moving under Brownian motion and translated the data to size and size distribution using dynamic light scattering. Journal of Environmental Management The quantity of COD removed increases as the chitosan-zeolite dosage increased.
Developments and application of chitosan-based adsorbents for wastewater treatments

Treatment of highly turbid water using chitosan and aluminum salts. Zemmouri H, Drouiche M, Sayeh A, Lounici H, Mameri N. Energy Procedia. Bhalkaran S, Wilson LD. Investigation of self-assembly processes for chitosan-based coagulant-flocculant systems: A mini-review.

International Journal of Molecular Sciences. Li J, Jiao S, Zhong L, Pan J, Ma Q. Optimizing coagulation and flocculation process for kaolinite suspension with chitosan. Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects. Guibal E, Van Vooren M, Dempsey BA, Roussy J.

A review of the use of chitosan for the removal of particulate and dissolved contaminants. Feng B, Peng J, Zhu X, Huang W. The settling behavior of quartz using chitosan as flocculant. Journal of Materials Research and Technology.

Chung YC. Improvement of aquaculture wastewater using chitosan of different degrees of deacetylation. Environmental Technology. Huang C, Chen S, Ruhsing Pan J.

Optimal condition for modification of chitosan: A biopolymer for coagulation of colloidal particles. Wan Ngah WS, Teong LC, Hanafiah MAKM. Adsorption of dyes and heavy metal ions by chitosan composites: A review. Carbohydrate Polymers. Piccin JS, Vieira MLG, Goncalves JO, Dotto GL, Pinto LAA.

Journal of Food Engineering. Vakili M, Rafatullah M, Salamatinia B, Abdullah AZ, Ibrahim MH, Tan KB, et al. Application of chitosan and its derivatives as adsorbents for dye removal from water and wastewater: A review. Rhazi M, Desbrières J, Tolaimate A, Rinaudo M, Vottero P, Alagui A, et al. Influence of the nature of the metal ions on the complexation with chitosan.

European Polymer Journal. Pestov A, Bratskaya S. Chitosan and its derivatives as highly efficient polymer ligands. Vieira RS, Beppu MM. Chitosan as adsorbent for heavy metal ions: Performance and adsorption mechanism. Water Resources Research Progress. Pillai SK, Ray SS.

Chitosan-based nanocomposites. In: Maya JJ, Sabu T, editors. Natural Polymers. London: RSC Publishing; Kyzas GZ, Bikiaris DN. Recent modifications of chitosan for adsorption applications: A critical and systematic review.

Yong SK, Shrivastava M, Srivastava P, Kunhikrishnan A, Bolan N. Environmental applications of chitosan and its derivatives. In: Whitacre DM, editor. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Cham: Springer International Publishing; Mahmoodi NM, Mokhtari-Shourijeh Z.

Preparation of PVA-chitosan blend nanofiber and its dye removal ability from colored wastewater. Martínez-Quiroz M, López-Maldonado EA, Ochoa-Terán A, Pina-Luis GE, Oropeza-Guzman MT. Modification of chitosan with carbamoyl benzoic acids for testing its coagulant-flocculant and binding capacities in removal of metallic ions typically contained in plating wastewater.

Wang B, Zhu Y, Bai Z, Luque R, Xuan J. Functionalized chitosan biosorbents with ultra-high performance, mechanical strength and tunable selectivity for heavy metals in wastewater treatment.

Wu S-P, Dai X-Z, Kan J-R, Shilong F-D, Zhu M-Y. Fabrication of carboxymethyl chitosan—hemicellulose resin for adsorptive removal of heavy metals from wastewater.

Chinese Chemical Letters. Negm NA, El Sheikh R, El-Farargy AF, Hefni HHH, Bekhit M. Treatment of industrial wastewater containing copper and cobalt ions using modified chitosan.

Journal of Industrial and Engineering Chemistry. Liang X, Duan J, Xu Q, Wei X, Lu A, Zhang L. Nair V, Panigrahy A, Vinu R. Development of novel chitosan-lignin composites for adsorption of dyes and metal ions from wastewater.

Yang Z, Yang H, Jiang Z, Cai T, Li H, Li H, et al. Flocculation of both anionic and cationic dyes in aqueous solutions by the amphoteric grafting flocculant carboxymethyl chitosan-graft-polyacrylamide. Journal of Hazardous Materials. Herrera-González AM, Peláez-Cid AA, Caldera-Villalobos M.

Adsorption of textile dyes present in aqueous solution and wastewater using polyelectrolytes derived from chitosan. Çınar S, Kaynar ÜH, Aydemir T, Çam Kaynar S, Ayvacıklı M. Chiou MS, Li HY. Adsorption behavior of reactive dye in aqueous solution on chemical cross-linked chitosan beads.

Hasan M, Ahmad AL, Hameed BH. Rashid S, Shen C, Chen X, Li S, Chen Y, Wen Y, et al. Enhanced catalytic ability of chitosan-Cu-Fe bimetal complex for the removal of dyes in aqueous solution. RSC Advances. Duffus John H. IUPAC Technical Report. Pure and Applied Chemistry. Guibal E, Vincent T, Navarro R.

Metal ion biosorption on chitosan for the synthesis of advanced materials. Journal of Materials Science. Mohammad AM, Salah Eldin TA, Hassan MA, El-Anadouli BE. Arabian Journal of Chemistry. Badawi MA, Negm NA, Abou Kana MTH, Hefni HH, Abdel Moneem MM.

Adsorption of aluminum and lead from wastewater by chitosan-tannic acid modified biopolymers: Isotherms, kinetics, thermodynamics and process mechanism. McIlwee HA, Schauer CL, Praig VG, Boukherroub R, Szunerits S.

Thin chitosan films as a platform for SPR sensing of ferric ions. The Analyst. Monteiro OAC, Airoldi C. Some thermodynamic data on copper—chitin and copper—chitosan biopolymer interactions.

Journal of Colloid and Interface Science. Gerente C, Lee VKC, Le Cloirec P, McKay G. Application of chitosan for the removal of metals from wastewaters by adsorption — Mechanisms and models review. Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology.

Guibal E, Vincent T, Blondet FP. Biopolymers as support for heterogeneous catalysis: Focus on chitosan, a promising aminopolysaccharide. In: Ion Exchange and Solvent Extraction.

Sengupta AK, editor. Boca raton: CRC Press; Miretzky P, Cirelli AF. Hg II removal from water by chitosan and chitosan derivatives: A review. Pearson RG. Recent advances in the concept of hard and soft acids and bases. Journal of Chemical Education. Lü R, Cao Z, Shen G.

Journal of Molecular Structure: THEOCHEM. Schlick S. Oliveira M, Simoni JA, Airoldi C. Chitosan metal-crosslinked beads applied for n-alkylmonoamines removal from aqueous solutions — A thermodynamic study.

The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics. Rhazi M, Desbrières J, Tolaimate A, Rinaudo M, Vottero P, Alagui A. Contribution to the study of the complexation of copper by chitosan and oligomers. Yamani JS, Lounsbury AW, Zimmerman JB.

Towards a selective adsorbent for arsenate and selenite in the presence of phosphate: Assessment of adsorption efficiency, mechanism, and binary separation factors of the chitosan-copper complex. Guibal E. Interactions of metal ions with chitosan-based sorbents: A review.

Domard A. pH and c. Measurements on a fully deacetylated chitosan: Application to CuII — Polymer interactions. Ogawa K, Oka K, Yui T. X-ray study of chitosan-transition metal complexes.

Chemistry of Materials. Shahgholi M, Callahan JH, Rappoli BJ, Rowley DA. Investigation of copper-saccharide complexation reactions using potentiometry and electrospray mass spectrometry. Journal of Mass Spectrometry. co; Lalmi S, Kameche M, Innocent C, Haddou B, Derriche Z, Pourcelly G.

Adsorption of biodegradable polyelectrolyte onto cotton for fixation of copper and lead: Comparison to a cation exchange textile. Tzu Yang H, Yu Ling L. Desorption of cadmium from porous chitosan beads. In: Ning RY, editor. Advancing Desalination. Rijeka: InTech; Gérente C, Andrès Y, McKay G, Le Cloirec P.

Removal of arsenic V onto chitosan: From sorption mechanism explanation to dynamic water treatment process. Mende M, Schwarz D, Steinbach C, Boldt R, Schwarz S. Simultaneous adsorption of heavy metal ions and anions from aqueous solutions on chitosan—Investigated by spectrophotometry and SEM-EDX analysis.

Zimmermann AC, Mecabo A, Fagundes T, Rodrigues CA. Adsorption of Cr VI using Fe-crosslinked chitosan complex Ch-Fe. Dobosz KM, Kolewe KW, Schiffman JD. Green materials science and engineering reduces biofouling: Approaches for medical and membrane-based technologies.

Frontiers in Microbiology. Chakrabarty T, Shahi VK. Modified chitosan-based, pH-responsive membrane for protein separation. Weng RG, Chen LH, Lin S, Zhang H, Wu H, Liu K, et al. Mukherjee M, De S.

Investigation of antifouling and disinfection potential of chitosan coated iron oxide-PAN hollow fiber membrane using gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria. Materials Science and Engineering: C. Shanthana Lakshmi D, Jaiswar S, saxena M, Tasselli F, Raval HD.

El-Gendi A, Deratani A, Ahmed SA, Ali SS. Egyptian Journal of Petroleum. Deng H, Sun PZ, Zhang YJ, Zhu HW. Raval HD, Gondaliya MD. A novel high-flux thin film composite reverse osmosis membrane modified by polysaccharide supramolecular assembly. Shakeri A, Salehi H, Rastgar M. Chitosan-based thin active layer membrane for forward osmosis desalination.

Salehi H, Rastgar M, Shakeri A. Applied Surface Science. Alshahrani AA, Al-Zoubi H, Nghiem LD, Panhuis MIH. Yang H-C, Gong J-L, Zeng G-M, Zhang P, Zhang J, Liu H-Y, et al. Polyurethane foam membranes filled with humic acid-chitosan crosslinked gels for selective and simultaneous removal of dyes.

Mokhena TC, Luyt AS. Journal of Cleaner Production. Ekambaram K, Doraisamy M. Ma XH, Yang Z, Yao ZK, Xu ZL, Tang CYY. Journal of Membrane Science. Mehta BB, Joshi RN, Raval HD.

A novel ultra-low energy reverse osmosis membrane modified by chitosan with glutaraldehyde crosslinking. Geise GM, Lee H-S, Miller DJ, Freeman BD, McGrath JE, Paul DR. Water purification by membranes: The role of polymer science.

Journal of Polymer Science Part B: Polymer Physics. Tanabe T, Okitsu N, Tachibana A, Yamauchi K. Preparation and characterization of keratin-chitosan composite film. Qu X, Wirsen A, Albertsson AC. Novel pH-sensitive chitosan hydrogels: Swelling behavior and states of water.

Tsai HS, Wang YZ. Properties of hydrophilic chitosan network membranes by introducing binary crosslink agents.

Polymer Bulletin. Liu C, Bai R. Recent advances in chitosan and its derivatives as adsorbents for removal of pollutants from water and wastewater. Current Opinion in Chemical Engineering. Nanoparticle doped with chitosan in the form of nano-biocomposites has recently gained much attention and proven a successful tool for water purification.

Hence, applying chitosan-based adsorbents with numerous modifications is a cutting-edge approach to eliminating toxic pollutants from aquatic systems with the global aim of making potable water available worldwide.

This review presents an overview of distinct materials and methods for developing novel chitosan-based nanocomposites for wastewater treatment. Keywords: Biosorbents; Chitosan; Nano-biocomposites; Nanoparticles; Wastewater treatment.

Peniston QP, Johnson EL Method for treating an aqueous medium with chitosan and derivatives of chitin to remove an impurity. patent 3,, Portier RJ Chitin immobilization systems for hazardous waste detoxification and biodegradation.

In: Eecles II ed Immobilization of Ions by Naturally Occurring Materials. Norwood, London, pp — Portier RJ, Nelson JA, Christianson JC Biotreatment of dilute contaminated ground water using an immobilized microbe packed bed reactor.

Environ Prog 8: — Randal JM, Randal VG, McDonald GM, Young RN, Masri MS Removal of trace quantities of nickel from solution. Rorrer GL, Hsien TY, Way JD Synthesis of porous-magnetic chitosan beads for removal of cadmium ions from waste water.

Sakaguchi T, Nakajima A Recovery of uranium by chitin phosphate and chitosan phosphate. Sandford PA, Hutchings GP Chitosan-A natural, cationic biopolymer: commercial applications.

Senstad C, Almas KA Use of chitosan in the recovery of protein from shrimp processing wastewater. In: Muzzarelli R, Jeuniaux C, Gooday GW eds Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Chitin and Chitosan, Senigallia, Italy, pp Seo H, Kinemura Y Preparation and some properties of chitosan beads.

In: SkjâakBraek G, Anthonsen T, Sandford P eds Proceedings from the 4th International Conference on Chitin and Chitosan, Trondheim, Norway, pp — Seo T, Hagura S, Kanbara T, Iijima T Interaction of dyes with chitosan derivatives. Shimizu Y, Kono K, Kim IS, Takagishi T Effects of added metal ions on the interaction of chitin and partially deacetylated chitin with an azo dye carrying hydroxyl groups.

Sievers DM, Jenner MW, Hanna M Treatment of dilute manure wastewaters by chemical coagulation. Trans ASAE 37 2 : — Smith B, Koonce T, Hudson S Decolorizing dye wastewater using chitosan. Am Dyest Rep 82 10 : 18— Stefancich S, Delben F, Muzzarelli RAA Interaction of soluble chitosans with dyes in water.

Optical evidence. Carbohydr Polym 17— Suder BJ, Wightman JP Interaction of heavy metals with chitin and chitosan. Cadmium and zinc. In: Ottewill RH, Rochester CH, Smith AL eds Adsorption from Solution.

Academic Press, London, pp — Chapter Google Scholar. Biotechnol Prog 8: — Thomé JP, Hugla JL, Weltrowski M Affinity of chitosan and related derivatives for PCBs. In: Brine CJ, Sandford PA, Zikakis JP eds Proceedings from the 5th International Conference on Chitin and Chitosan, Princeton, NJ, pp — Thomé JP, Jeuniaux C, Weltrowski M Applications of chitosan for the elimination of organochlorine xenobiotics from wastewater.

In: Goosen MFA ed Applications of Chitin and Chitosan. Technomic, Lancaster, PA, pp — Thomé JP, Van Daele Y Adsorption of polychlorinated biphenyls PCB on chitosan and application to decontamination of polluted stream waters.

Udaybhaskar P, Iyengar L, Prabhakara Rao AVS Hexavalent chromium interaction with chitosan. Van Daele Y, Thomé JP Purification of PCB contaminated water by chitosan: a biological test of efficiency using the common barbel, Barbus barbus.

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol — Article PubMed Google Scholar. Venkatrao B, Baradarajan A, Sastry CA Adsorption of dyestuffs on chitosan. Wada S, Ichikawa H, Tatsumi K Removal of phenols from wastewater by soluble and immobilized tyrosinase. Wu ACM, Bough WA A study of variables in the chitosan manufacturing process in relation to molecular-weight distribution, chemical characteristics and waste-treatment effectiveness.

MIT Sea Grant Program, Cambridge, MA, pp 88— Wu ACM, Bough WA, Holmes MR, Perkins BE Influence of manufacturing variables on the characteristics and effectiveness of chitosan products. Coagulation of cheese whey solids. Yamamoto H Chiral interaction of chitosan with azo dyes.

Yang TC, Zall RR Absorption of metals by natural polymers generated from seafood processing wastes. Ind Eng Chem Prod Res Dev — Download references.

Department of Food Science and Technology, Catholic University of Taegu-Hyosung, Hayang, , South Korea. Department of Food Science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, , USA.

You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. Reprints and permissions. No, H. Application of Chitosan for Treatment of Wastewaters. In: Ware, G. eds Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology.

Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol Springer, New York, NY. Publisher Name : Springer, New York, NY. Print ISBN : Online ISBN : eBook Packages : Springer Book Archive. Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:.

Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article. Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative. Policies and ethics. Skip to main content. Abstract Significant volumes of wastewaters, with organic and inorganic contaminants such as suspended solids, dyes, pesticides, toxicants, and heavy metals, are discharged from various industries.

Keywords Chemical Oxygen Demand Volatile Solid Cheese Whey Chitosan Derivative Chitosan Bead These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Buying options Chapter EUR eBook EUR Softcover Book EUR Hardcover Book EUR Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout Purchases are for personal use only Learn about institutional subscriptions.

Preview Unable to display preview. References Asano T, Havakawa N, Suzuki T Chitosan applications in wastewater sludge treatment. Google Scholar Bough WA a Coagulation with chitosan—an aid to recovery of by-products from egg breaking wastes. Article CAS Google Scholar Bough WA b Reduction of suspended solids in vegetable canning waste effluents by coagulation with chitosan.

Article CAS Google Scholar Bough WA Chitosan—a polymer from seafood wastes, for use in treatment of food processing wastes and activated sludge. Google Scholar Bough WA, Landes DR Recovery and nutritional evaluation of proteinaceous solids separated from whey by coagulation with chitosan.

Article PubMed CAS Google Scholar Bough WA, Landes DR Treatment of food-processing wastes with chitosan and nutritional evaluation of coagulated by-products. Google Scholar Bough WA, Shewfelt AL, Salter WL Use of chitosan for the reduction and recovery of solids in poultry processing waste effluents.

Article CAS Google Scholar Bough WA, Wu ACM, Campbell TE, Holmes MR, Perkins BE Influence of manufacturing variables on the characteristics and effectiveness of chitosan products. Google Scholar Coughlin RW, Deshaies MR, Davis EM Chitosan in crab shell wastes purifies electroplating wastewater.

Article CAS Google Scholar Delben F, Gabrielli P, Muzzarelli RAA, Stefancich S Interaction of soluble chitosans with dyes in water. Google Scholar Eiden CA, Jewell CA, Wightman JP Interaction of lead and chromium with chitin and chitosan.

Article CAS Google Scholar Giles CH, Hassan ASA, Subramanian RVR Adsorption at organic surfaces. Google Scholar Hauer A The chelating properties of Kytex H chitosan. Google Scholar Holme KR, Hall LD Novel metal chelating chitosan derivative: attachment of imi- nodiacetate moieties via a hydrophilic spacer group.

Article CAS Google Scholar Hsien TY, Rorrer GL Effects of acylation and crosslinking on the material properties and cadmium ion adsorption capacity of porous chitosan beads.

Article CAS Google Scholar Inoue K, Yamaguchi T, Iwasaki M, Ohto K, Yoshizuka K Adsorption of some platinum group metals on some complexane types of chemically modified chitosan.

Article CAS Google Scholar Ishii H, Minegishi M, Lavitpichayawong B, Mitani T Synthesis of chitosan-amino acid conjugates and their use in heavy metal uptake. Article PubMed CAS Google Scholar Jha IN, Iyengar L, Prabhakara Rao AVS Removal of cadmium using chitosan.

Article CAS Google Scholar Johnson RA, Gallanger SM Use of coagulants to treat seafood processing wastewaters.

Chitosan and its application on wastewater treatment • EnvGuide

Equilibrium studies. McKay G, Blair HS, Gardner J The adsorption of dyes on chitin. Intraparticle diffusion processes. McKay G, Blair HS, Gardner JR The adsorption of dyes onto chitin in fixed bed columns and batch adsorbers.

McKay G, Blair HS, Gardner JR Two resistance mass transport model for the adsorption of acid dye onto chitin in fixed beds. McKay G, Blair HS, Gardner JG, McConvey IF Two-resistance mass transfer model for the adsorption of various dyestuffs onto chitin.

McKay G, Blair HS, Hindon A Equilibrium studies for the sorption of metal ions onto chitosan. Indian J Chem 28A: — Michelsen DL, Fulk LL, Woodby RM, Boardman GD Adsorptive and chemical pretreatment of reactive dye discharge. In: Tedd DW, Pohland FG eds Emerging Technologies in Hazardous Waste Management III.

ACS Symposium Series American Chemical Society, Washington, DC, pp — Mitani T, Fukumuro N, Yoshimoto C, Ishii H Effects of counter ions SOq-and C1 on the adsorption of copper and nickel ions by swollen chitosan beads.

Agric Biol Chem 55 9 : Moore KJ, Johnson MG, Sistrunk WA Effect of polyelectrolyte treatments on waste strength of snap and dry bean wastewater.

J Food Sci 52 2 : — Muzzarelli RAA Natural Chelating Polymers. Pergamon Press, New York. Muzzarelli RAA Chitin.

Muzzarelli RAA, Tanfani F N- Carboxymethyl chitosans and N- o-carboxybenzyl chitosans: novel chelating polyampholytes. In: Hirano S, Tokura S eds Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Chitin and Chitosan, Sapporo, Japan, pp 45— Muzzarelli RAA, Tubertini O Chitin and chitosan as chromatographic supports and adsorbents for collection of metal ions from organic and aqueous solutions and seawater.

Talanta — Muzzarelli RAA, Rocchetti R, Muzzarelli MG The isolation of cobalt, nickel, and copper from manganese nodules by chelation chromatography on chitosan. Sep Sci Technol 13 2 : — Nair KR, Madhavan P Metal binding property of chitosan from different sources.

In: Hirano S, Tokura S eds Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Chitin and Chitosan, Sapporo, Japan, pp — No HK, Meyers SP a Crawfish chitosan as a coagulant in recovery of organic compounds from seafood processing streams.

J Agric Food Chem 37 3 : — No HK, Meyers SP b Recovery of amino acids from seafood processing wastewater with a dual chitosan-based ligand-exchange system. J Food Sci 54 1 : 60—62, Bull Chem Soc Jpn 60 1 : — In: Weber WJ ed Physicochemicalm Processes for Water Quality Control.

Wiley, New York, pp 61— Park RD, Cho YY, Kim KY, Born HS, Oh CS, Lee HC a Adsorption of Toluidine Blue O onto chitosan. Agric Chem Biotechnol 38 5 : — Park RD, Cho YY, La YG, Kim CS b Application of chitosan as an adsorbent of dyes in wastewater from dyeworks.

Peniche-Covas C, Alvarez LW, Arguelles-Monal W The adsorption of mercuric ions by chitosan. Peniston QP, Johnson EL Method for treating an aqueous medium with chitosan and derivatives of chitin to remove an impurity.

patent 3,, Portier RJ Chitin immobilization systems for hazardous waste detoxification and biodegradation. In: Eecles II ed Immobilization of Ions by Naturally Occurring Materials. Norwood, London, pp — Portier RJ, Nelson JA, Christianson JC Biotreatment of dilute contaminated ground water using an immobilized microbe packed bed reactor.

Environ Prog 8: — Randal JM, Randal VG, McDonald GM, Young RN, Masri MS Removal of trace quantities of nickel from solution. Rorrer GL, Hsien TY, Way JD Synthesis of porous-magnetic chitosan beads for removal of cadmium ions from waste water.

Sakaguchi T, Nakajima A Recovery of uranium by chitin phosphate and chitosan phosphate. Sandford PA, Hutchings GP Chitosan-A natural, cationic biopolymer: commercial applications.

Senstad C, Almas KA Use of chitosan in the recovery of protein from shrimp processing wastewater. In: Muzzarelli R, Jeuniaux C, Gooday GW eds Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Chitin and Chitosan, Senigallia, Italy, pp Seo H, Kinemura Y Preparation and some properties of chitosan beads.

In: SkjâakBraek G, Anthonsen T, Sandford P eds Proceedings from the 4th International Conference on Chitin and Chitosan, Trondheim, Norway, pp — Seo T, Hagura S, Kanbara T, Iijima T Interaction of dyes with chitosan derivatives. Shimizu Y, Kono K, Kim IS, Takagishi T Effects of added metal ions on the interaction of chitin and partially deacetylated chitin with an azo dye carrying hydroxyl groups.

Sievers DM, Jenner MW, Hanna M Treatment of dilute manure wastewaters by chemical coagulation. Trans ASAE 37 2 : — Smith B, Koonce T, Hudson S Decolorizing dye wastewater using chitosan.

Am Dyest Rep 82 10 : 18— Stefancich S, Delben F, Muzzarelli RAA Interaction of soluble chitosans with dyes in water. Optical evidence. Carbohydr Polym 17— Suder BJ, Wightman JP Interaction of heavy metals with chitin and chitosan. Cadmium and zinc. In: Ottewill RH, Rochester CH, Smith AL eds Adsorption from Solution.

Academic Press, London, pp — Chapter Google Scholar. Biotechnol Prog 8: — Thomé JP, Hugla JL, Weltrowski M Affinity of chitosan and related derivatives for PCBs. In: Brine CJ, Sandford PA, Zikakis JP eds Proceedings from the 5th International Conference on Chitin and Chitosan, Princeton, NJ, pp — Thomé JP, Jeuniaux C, Weltrowski M Applications of chitosan for the elimination of organochlorine xenobiotics from wastewater.

In: Goosen MFA ed Applications of Chitin and Chitosan. Technomic, Lancaster, PA, pp — Thomé JP, Van Daele Y Adsorption of polychlorinated biphenyls PCB on chitosan and application to decontamination of polluted stream waters.

Udaybhaskar P, Iyengar L, Prabhakara Rao AVS Hexavalent chromium interaction with chitosan. Van Daele Y, Thomé JP Purification of PCB contaminated water by chitosan: a biological test of efficiency using the common barbel, Barbus barbus.

Bull Environ Contam Toxicol — Article PubMed Google Scholar. Venkatrao B, Baradarajan A, Sastry CA Adsorption of dyestuffs on chitosan.

Wada S, Ichikawa H, Tatsumi K Removal of phenols from wastewater by soluble and immobilized tyrosinase. Wu ACM, Bough WA A study of variables in the chitosan manufacturing process in relation to molecular-weight distribution, chemical characteristics and waste-treatment effectiveness.

MIT Sea Grant Program, Cambridge, MA, pp 88— Wu ACM, Bough WA, Holmes MR, Perkins BE Influence of manufacturing variables on the characteristics and effectiveness of chitosan products. Coagulation of cheese whey solids.

Yamamoto H Chiral interaction of chitosan with azo dyes. Yang TC, Zall RR Absorption of metals by natural polymers generated from seafood processing wastes. Ind Eng Chem Prod Res Dev — Download references. Department of Food Science and Technology, Catholic University of Taegu-Hyosung, Hayang, , South Korea.

Department of Food Science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, , USA. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar. Reprints and permissions. No, H. Application of Chitosan for Treatment of Wastewaters.

In: Ware, G. eds Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology. Reviews of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, vol Springer, New York, NY. Publisher Name : Springer, New York, NY. Print ISBN : Online ISBN : eBook Packages : Springer Book Archive.

Anyone you share the following link with will be able to read this content:. Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article. Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative. Policies and ethics. Skip to main content. Abstract Significant volumes of wastewaters, with organic and inorganic contaminants such as suspended solids, dyes, pesticides, toxicants, and heavy metals, are discharged from various industries.

Keywords Chemical Oxygen Demand Volatile Solid Cheese Whey Chitosan Derivative Chitosan Bead These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. Buying options Chapter EUR eBook EUR Softcover Book EUR Hardcover Book EUR Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout Purchases are for personal use only Learn about institutional subscriptions.

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Carbohydrate Research Nagarpita MV, Roy P, Shruthi SB, Sailaja RRN Synthesis and swelling characteristics of chitosan and CMC grafted sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide using modified nanoclay and examining its efficacy for removal of dyes. Ngah WSW, Wan Ngah WS, Fatinathan S Adsorption of Cu II ions in aqueous solution using chitosan beads, chitosan—GLA beads and chitosan—alginate beads.

Ngah WSW, Wan Ngah WS, Teong LC, Hanafiah MAK Adsorption of dyes and heavy metal ions by chitosan composites: A review. Nguyen LM, Nguyen TTH Enhanced heavy metals biosorption using chemically modified chitosan coated microwave activated sugarcane baggage ash composite biosorbents.

SN Applied Sciences 1. Nippatla N, Philip L Electrocoagulation-floatation assisted pulsed power plasma technology for the complete mineralization of potentially toxic dyes and real textile wastewater.

Process Safety and Environmental Protection Olivera S, Muralidhara HB, Venkatesh K, Guna VK, Gopalakrishna K, Kumar KY Qi C, Zhao L, Lin Y, Wu D a.

Qi L, Xu Z Lead sorption from aqueous solutions on chitosan nanoparticles. Qi X, Wu L, Su T, Zhang J, Dong W b. Polysaccharide-based cationic hydrogels for dye adsorption.

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Int J Biol Macromol Sun K, Gao B, Zhang Z, Zhang G, Liu X, Zhao Y, Xing B Sorption of endocrine disrupting chemicals by condensed organic matter in soils and sediments. Thirugnanasambandham K, Sivakumar V, Prakash M Treatment of egg processing industry effluent using chitosan as an adsorbent.

Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society Tsai W-T, Hsu H-C, Su T-Y, Lin K-Y, Lin C-M Adsorption characteristics of bisphenol-A in aqueous solutions onto hydrophobic zeolite.

Vakili M, Rafatullah M, Salamatinia B, Abdullah AZ, Ibrahim MH, Tan KB, Gholami Z, Amouzgar P Application of chitosan and its derivatives as adsorbents for dye removal from water and wastewater: a review. Vidal RRL, Moraes JS Removal of organic pollutants from wastewater using chitosan: a literature review.

International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology Volpin F, Fons E, Chekli L, Kim JE, Jang A, Shon HK Hybrid forward osmosis-reverse osmosis for wastewater reuse and seawater desalination: Understanding the optimal feed solution to minimise fouling.

Wong YC, Szeto YS, Cheung WH, McKay G Equilibrium studies for acid dye adsorption onto chitosan. Langmuir Wu ACM Determination of molecular-weight distribution of chitosan by high-performance liquid chromatography.

Methods in Enzymology Yuwei C, Jianlong W Preparation and characterization of magnetic chitosan nanoparticles and its application for Cu II removal.

ZabihiSahebi A, Koushkbaghi S, Pishnamazi M, Askari A, Khosravi R, Irani M Zahedifar M, Seyedi N, Shafiei S, Basij M Surface-modified magnetic biochar: Highly efficient adsorbents for removal of Pb ΙΙ and Cd ΙΙ.

Materials Chemistry and Physics Zhang X, Ye C, Pi K, Huang J, Xia M, Gerson AR Sustainable treatment of desulfurization wastewater by ion exchange and bipolar membrane electrodialysis hybrid technology. Separation and Purification Technology Zubair M, Arshad M, Ullah A Chitosan-based materials for water and wastewater treatment.

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Removal of direct dyes from wastewater using chitosan and polyacrylamide blends

Cheng SY, Show P-L, Juan JC, Chang J-S, Lau BF, Lai SH, Ng EP, Yian HC, Ling TC Landfill leachate wastewater treatment to facilitate resource recovery by a coagulation-flocculation process via hydrogen bond. Chemosphere Cheung WH, Szeto YS, McKay G Enhancing the adsorption capacities of acid dyes by chitosan nano particles.

Bioresource Technology Couto CF, Lange LC, Amaral MCS A critical review on membrane separation processes applied to remove pharmaceutically active compounds from water and wastewater. Journal of Water Process Engineering Crini G, Gimbert F, Robert C, Martel B, Adam O, Morin-Crini N, De Giorgi F, Badot P-M The removal of Basic Blue 3 from aqueous solutions by chitosan-based adsorbent: Batch studies.

Journal of Hazardous Materials Crini G, Lichtfouse E, Wilson LD, Morin-Crini N Adsorption-oriented processes using conventional and non-conventional adsorbents for wastewater treatment.

Environmental Chemistry for a Sustainable World Darvishi Cheshmeh Soltani R, Khataee AR, Safari M, Joo SW Dergunov SA, Mun GA γ-irradiated chitosan-polyvinyl pyrrolidone hydrogels as pH-sensitive protein delivery system. Radiation Physics and Chemistry Desbrières J, Guibal E Chitosan for wastewater treatment.

Polymer International Doshi B, Repo E, Heiskanen JP, Sirviö JA, Sillanpää M Effectiveness of N,O-carboxymethyl chitosan on destabilization of Marine Diesel, Diesel and Marine-2T oil for oil spill treatment. Carbohydrate Polymers Fu F, Wang Q Removal of heavy metal ions from wastewaters: A review.

Journal of Environmental Management Fu Y, Xiao C A facile physical approach to make chitosan soluble in acid-free water. International Journal of Biological Macromolecules Haider S, Park S-Y Preparation of the electrospun chitosan nanofibers and their applications to the adsorption of Cu II and Pb II ions from an aqueous solution.

Journal of Membrane Science Hameed BH Equilibrium and kinetics studies of 2,4,6-trichlorophenol adsorption onto activated clay.

Colloids and Surfaces A: Physicochemical and Engineering Aspects Hoseini MHM, Sadeghi S, Azizi M, Pouriran R Immunomodulatory activities of chitin and chitosan microparticles. Handbook of Chitin and Chitosan Hu D, Lian Z, Xian H, Jiang R, Wang N, Weng Y, Peng X, Wang S, Ouyang X-K Adsorption of Pb II from aqueous solution by polyacrylic acid grafted magnetic chitosan nanocomposite.

Hu ZG, Zhang J, Chan WL, Szeto YS The sorption of acid dye onto chitosan nanoparticles. Polymer Igberase E, Osifo P, Ofomaja A The adsorption of copper II ions by polyaniline graft chitosan beads from aqueous solution: Equilibrium, kinetic and desorption studies.

Journal of Environmental Chemical Engineering Islam MM, Shahruzzaman M, Biswas S, Nurus Sakib M, Rashid TU Chitosan based bioactive materials in tissue engineering applications-A review. Bioactive Materials Jiang R, Fu Y-Q, Zhu H-Y, Yao J, Xiao L Journal of Applied Polymer Science EE Kalia S, Avérous L Biopolymers: Biomedical and Environmental Applications.

Kalyani P, Hemalatha KPJ Biosorption of heavy metals in the environment-a review paper. International Journal of Current Research and Academic Review Karimi-Maleh H, Ayati A, Davoodi R, Tanhaei B, Karimi F, Malekmohammadi S, Orooji Y, Fu L, Sillanpää M Recent advances in using of chitosan-based adsorbents for removal of pharmaceutical contaminants: A review.

Journal of Cleaner Production Kaur S, Dhillon GS The versatile biopolymer chitosan: potential sources, evaluation of extraction methods and applications. Critical Reviews in Microbiology Kayalvizhi K, Alhaji NMI, Saravanakkumar D, Beer Mohamed S, Kaviyarasu K, Ayeshamariam A, … Elshikh MS Adsorption of copper and nickel by using sawdust chitosan nanocomposite beads — A kinetic and thermodynamic study.

Environmental Research Kekes T, Tzia C Keshvardoostchokami M, Babaei S, Piri F, Zamani A Nitrate removal from aqueous solutions by ZnO nanoparticles and chitosan-polystyrene—Zn nanocomposite: Kinetic, isotherm, batch and fixed-bed studies. Kluczka J, Gnus M, Kazek-Kęsik A, Dudek G Zirconium-chitosan hydrogel beads for removal of boron from aqueous solutions.

Li P, Wang Y, Peng Z, She MF, Kong L Physichemical property and morphology of 5-fluorouracil loaded chitosan nanoparticles. Linghu WS, Wang C Adsorption of heavy metal ions from aqueous solution by chitosan.

Advanced Materials Research Liu J, Pu H, Zhang X, Xiao L, Kan J, Jin C Effects of ascorbate and hydroxyl radical degradations on the structural, physicochemical, antioxidant and film forming properties of chitosan.

Liu X, Hu Q, Fang Z, Zhang X, Zhang B Magnetic chitosan nanocomposites: a useful recyclable tool for heavy metal ion removal. Langmuir: The ACS Journal of Surfaces and Colloids Mazhar SN, Ahmad S Assessment of water quality pollution indices and distribution of heavy metals in drinking water in Ramganga aquifer, Bareilly District Uttar Pradesh, India.

Groundwater for Sustainable Development Menon AK, Haechler I, Kaur S, Lubner S, Prasher RS Enhanced solar evaporation using a photo-thermal umbrella for wastewater management.

Nature Sustainability Miklos DB, Remy C, Jekel M, Linden KG, Drewes JE, Hübner U Evaluation of advanced oxidation processes for water and wastewater treatment - A critical review. Water Research Mohammadzadeh Pakdel P, Peighambardoust SJ Review on recent progress in chitosan-based hydrogels for wastewater treatment application.

Muzzarelli RAA, Lough C, Emanuelli M The molecular weight of chitosans studied by laser light-scattering. Carbohydrate Research Nagarpita MV, Roy P, Shruthi SB, Sailaja RRN Synthesis and swelling characteristics of chitosan and CMC grafted sodium acrylate-co-acrylamide using modified nanoclay and examining its efficacy for removal of dyes.

Ngah WSW, Wan Ngah WS, Fatinathan S Adsorption of Cu II ions in aqueous solution using chitosan beads, chitosan—GLA beads and chitosan—alginate beads.

Ngah WSW, Wan Ngah WS, Teong LC, Hanafiah MAK Adsorption of dyes and heavy metal ions by chitosan composites: A review. Nguyen LM, Nguyen TTH Enhanced heavy metals biosorption using chemically modified chitosan coated microwave activated sugarcane baggage ash composite biosorbents.

SN Applied Sciences 1. Nippatla N, Philip L Electrocoagulation-floatation assisted pulsed power plasma technology for the complete mineralization of potentially toxic dyes and real textile wastewater. Process Safety and Environmental Protection Olivera S, Muralidhara HB, Venkatesh K, Guna VK, Gopalakrishna K, Kumar KY Qi C, Zhao L, Lin Y, Wu D a.

Qi L, Xu Z Lead sorption from aqueous solutions on chitosan nanoparticles. Qi X, Wu L, Su T, Zhang J, Dong W b. Polysaccharide-based cationic hydrogels for dye adsorption.

Colloids Surf B Biointerfaces For pH lower than 3, chitosan is dissolved, and for pH higher than 4. Scanning electron microscope SEM images showed the formed complexes and the chemical modification of chitosan depends on the ion concentration. Structural analysis by SEM provides an indication that the mechanism of adsorption of Fe III ions on chitosan is a complex phenomenon involving the formation of nodosities on the chitosan structure.

The mechanism of retention of Fe III ions on chitosan is a complex phenomenon and involves the formation of lumps on the structure of chitosan through the surface adsorption of metal ions and strong coordination with functional groups Figure 8. Chitosan is a very promising adsorbent, which can be modified in many ways grafting, cross linking, functionalisation for forming composites, etc.

Because chitosan is very sensitive to pH, forming either gel or dissolve depending on pH values, some cross linking reagents such as glyoxal, formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, epichlorohydrin, ethylene glycon diglycidyl ether and isocyanates have been used to improve its performance as adsorbent [ 38 ].

This process of cross linking stabilises chitosan in acid solutions becoming insoluble and enhances its mechanical properties [ 39 ]. Recently, chitosan-based metal particle composites have been studied increasingly as an alternative adsorbent in water treatment, such as using metals [ 40 ], metal oxides [ 41 ], magnetite [ 42 ] and bimetals [ 43 ], to adsorb heavy metals and dyes from wastewater.

For example, chitosan-coated magnetite nanoparticles CMNP were prepared and used as bactericidal agent to remove organic contaminants and bacteria from water [ 14 ].

Moradi Dehaghi et al. The dissolution and swelling studies were performed on these composites, and crystallinity and surface morphology characterisation using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy FT-IR and scanning electron microscope of nanocomposite samples were studied.

Based on the high sorbent capacity, CS-ZnONP beads could explore a new biocompatible and eco-friendly strategy for pesticide removal and could be used in water treatment process.

Schematic representation of removal mechanism of chromium ions by chitosan-magnetite nanocomposite strip [ 42 ]. In their studies, Sureshkumar et al.

After UV-VIS, X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy characterisation, these nanoparticles were mixed with chitosan solution to form hybrid nanocomposites. The affinity of hybrid nanocomposite for chromium was studied using K 2 Cr 2 O 7 potassium dichromate solution as the heavy metal solution containing Cr VI ions.

Adsorption tests were carried out using hybrid nanocomposite strips at different time intervals compared with chitosan-only strip Figure 9. The chromium removal efficiency of chitosan strip is Based on these results, the chitosan-magnetite nanocomposite strips are highly efficient for chromium removal from tannery wastewaters.

Abd-Elhakeem et al. In their research they find that the adsorption capacities of the different contaminants considerably increased with chitosan-magnetite nanoparticle concentration.

In the same studies, the influence on the bacterial growth was partially inhibited at concentration 0. The complete growth inhibition has occurred at concentration of 0. Hritcu et al. Their sorption batch experiments were conducted for optimising the pH, initial target ion concentration and adsorbent amount.

The experimental data have emphasised that Langmuir isotherm model is the best fit; the material has a maximum adsorption capacity of Regeneration study demonstrated that Fe-Cc particles might be reused up to three times without significant loss in adsorption capacity.

Saifuddin and Dimara [ 46 ] have investigated the potential and effectiveness of applying chitosan-magnetite nanocomposite particles as a primary coagulant and flocculants compared with chitosan for pretreatment of palm oil mill effluent POME. The experiments were carried out under different conditions of dosage and pH, and the performance was assessed in terms of turbidity, total suspended solids TSS and chemical oxygen demand COD reductions.

At the optimum conditions of pH and chitosan-magnetite, dosage was obtained about The synergistic effect of cationic character of both the chitosan amino group and the magnetite ion in the pretreatment process for POME brings about enhanced performance for effective agglomeration, adsorption and coagulation.

The results showed that coagulation with chitosan-magnetite or chitosan was an effective and environmentally friendly pretreatment technique for palm oil mill effluent wastewater compared to alum and alum polychloride-PAC which creates hazardous residual waste.

Due to their thermal and chemical stability and great potential for the separation of ions by cation exchange, zeolites are especially appealing among all kinds of inorganic fillers.

Chitosan-zeolite composites have shown good adsorption properties for different pollutants such as dyes, phosphates, nitrates, ammonium and humic acids [ 47 — 49 ] as well as for the removal of heavy metal cations [ 50 , 51 ]. Nesic et al. Wan Ngah et al. The kinetic, adsorption isotherm and desorption studies have been completed.

The optimum pH value was 3 and the best isotherm was fitted by the Redlich-Peterson and Langmuir models. The percentage of Cu II desorption was only Our studies were focused on obtaining of chitosan-zeolite CZ composites using commercial chitosan and zeolites from local volcanic tuff deposits with 71— These composites were applied on organic impurities adsorption from poultry farm wastewaters.

Chitosan-zeolite composites have been prepared by the encapsulation method according to the procedure described by Wan Ngah et al. Aiming to form the composite beads, the obtained suspension was added dropwise into the precipitation bath containing NaOH, and the mixture was stirred for 3 h.

The formed beads were filtered and washed with distilled water to remove excess of NaOH and finally air-dried. After this, the beads of chitosan-zeolite composite were structurally characterised by SEM image analyses and EDX spectral analyses and used as adsorbent for the organic impurities from wastewater COD and greases and oil impurities.

From the SEM micrograph presented in Figure 11 , chitosan-zeolite composite has rough and flaky surface. Zeolite is present as loose aggregates of micrometric octahedral crystals included in cavities of a continuous polysaccharide matrix, in the case of evaporative drying; the shrinkage of the polysaccharide gel has led to a physical separation between polymer and embedded zeolites.

Chitosan-zeolite composite SEM images. The EDX spectra Figure 12 show the presence of sodium, which is originated from zeolite where the sodium ions counterbalance the negative charge of zeolite. Carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, aluminium and silicon were found in chitosan-zeolite composites since they are the major components of chitosan and zeolite.

EDX spectra of chitosan-zeolite composites. Experiments were carried out at 25 °C where different amounts of chitosan-zeolite composite ranging from 30 to mg were mixed with 50 ml wastewater and stirred at rpm for 60 min. After adsorption, the mixture was filtered, and the removal percentage of chemical oxygen demand COD and fatty impurities was calculated using Eq.

The effect of chitosan-zeolite composite dosage on the COD reduction. The effect of adsorbent dosage on the removal of COD is shown in Figure The quantity of COD removed increases as the chitosan-zeolite dosage increased. This was due to the increase in the number of active sites on chitosan-zeolite composites.

The dosage of 0. It can be observed that over this dosage, no further increase exists in the percentage removal of COD. The effect of chitosan-zeolite composite dosage on the fatty and oil reduction.

The reduction of fatty and oil impurities increases with the chitosan-zeolite composite dosage, as it can be observed in Figure It considers that the optimum dosage is at 0. Compared with the use of chitosan and zeolites only as adsorbents, it can be observed from Figure 15 that the chitosan-zeolite composite performance is better.

At the 60 min of adsorption time and the 0. The pollutant reduction performances for different natural adsorbents.

Based on their proved properties, chitosan can be a very promising adsorption additive for wastewater pollutants. Aiming to improve their adsorption performances, chitosan can be modified by grafting, cross linking, functionalisation for forming composites, etc.

Based on its origin product chitin which can be found abundant in marine media, i. in the exoskeleton of crustaceans or cartilages of mollusks , the potential of chitosan to be used as bio adsorbent for wastewater pollutants is strong.

However, the main drawback that limits the use of chitosan at industrial level is their low solubility in aqueous media. In this respect, the performances of chitosan can be improved by cross linking with different reagents, allowing chitosan composites to be used in acidic condition.

To form composites with chitosan, different kinds of substances have been used. The cationic nature of chitosan influences the adsorption mechanism of chitosan composites.

In acid pH conditions, the amino groups of chitosan form protonated amines able to retain the metal ions or dye molecules from solutions or wastewaters. Although there is a wide range of chitosan derivatives with adsorption properties raw chitosan, chitosan derivatives, chitosan composites, etc.

This field of research has a great area for improvement, and based on a large quantity of promising results, it is the hope that chitosan and their composites can be applied commercially instead of only at laboratory scale.

Licensee IntechOpen. This chapter is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3. Edited by Emad Shalaby. Open access peer-reviewed chapter Applications of Chitosan in Wastewater Treatment Written By Petronela Nechita.

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From the Edited Volume Biological Activities and Application of Marine Polysaccharides Edited by Emad A. Shalaby Book Details Order Print. Chapter metrics overview 6, Chapter Downloads View Full Metrics. Impact of this chapter. Abstract In the last time, the use of natural additives that are biocompatible, are biodegradable, have low toxicity and are from renewable resources attracted attention of many researchers due to their high ability to retain different pollutants from wastewaters.

Keywords Chitosan Chitosan composites Wastewaters Chitosan-magnetite Chitosan-zeolites Adsorption isotherm Adsorption kinetics Pollutants Total suspended solids Chemical oxygen demand Heavy metal ions Removal efficiency.

Introduction In the last time, different wastewater decontamination methods that include chemical precipitation, nanofiltration, solvent extraction, ion exchange, reverse osmosis and adsorption have been extensively studied. Chitosan structure and properties Chitosan is a partially deacetylated polymer obtained by the alkaline deacetylation of chitin, a biopolymer extracted from shellfish sources.

Table 1. Table 2. The wastewater pollutant removal efficiency after chitosan treatment. Chitosan as adsorbent of metal ions Adsorption has been proven to be a reliable and economical alternative to remove the pollutants from wastewaters, and the use of chitosan as biosorbent for heavy metal ions is reported in a large quantity of literature studies.

Chitosan-zeolite composites in wastewater treatment Due to their thermal and chemical stability and great potential for the separation of ions by cation exchange, zeolites are especially appealing among all kinds of inorganic fillers.

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Desalination ; : — 7. Wan M W, Kan C C, Buenda D R, Maria L P D: Adsorption of copper II and lead II ions from aqueous solution on chitosan-coated sand. Wan Ngaha W S, Teonga LC, Hanafiaha MAKM: Adsorption of dyes and heavy metal ions by chitosan composites: A review.

Shahram MD, Bahar R, Ali Mashinchian M, Parviz A: Removal of permethrin pesticide from water by chitosan—zinc oxide nanoparticles composite as an adsorbent. Saudi Chem. Kyzas G Z, Bikiaris D N: Recent modifications of chitosan for adsorption applications: A critical and systematic review.

Drugs ; 13 : Vaishnavi S: Fabrication of chitosan—magnetite nanocomposite strip for chromium removal. Abd-Elhakeem M A, Alkhulaqi T A: Simple, rapid and eefficient water purification by chitosan coated magnetite nanoparticles. Szyguła A, Guibal E, Palacín MA, Ruiz M, Sastre A M: Removal of an anionic dye Acid Blue 92 by coagulation—flocculation using chitosan.

Rinaudo M: Chitin and chitosan: Properties and applications. Andres Y, Giraud L, Gerente C, Le Cloirec P: Antibacterial effects of chitosan flakes: Approach of mechanism and applications to water treatments.

doi: Ganjidoust H, Tatsumi K, Wada S, Kawase M: Role of peroxidase and chitosan in removing chlorophenols from aqueous solution. Water Sci. Siah Lee C, Robinson J, Chonga M F: A review on application of flocculants in wastewater treatment.

Process Safety Environ.

Chitosan for waste water treatment -

Scanning electron microscope SEM images showed the formed complexes and the chemical modification of chitosan depends on the ion concentration. Structural analysis by SEM provides an indication that the mechanism of adsorption of Fe III ions on chitosan is a complex phenomenon involving the formation of nodosities on the chitosan structure.

The mechanism of retention of Fe III ions on chitosan is a complex phenomenon and involves the formation of lumps on the structure of chitosan through the surface adsorption of metal ions and strong coordination with functional groups Figure 8.

Chitosan is a very promising adsorbent, which can be modified in many ways grafting, cross linking, functionalisation for forming composites, etc. Because chitosan is very sensitive to pH, forming either gel or dissolve depending on pH values, some cross linking reagents such as glyoxal, formaldehyde, glutaraldehyde, epichlorohydrin, ethylene glycon diglycidyl ether and isocyanates have been used to improve its performance as adsorbent [ 38 ].

This process of cross linking stabilises chitosan in acid solutions becoming insoluble and enhances its mechanical properties [ 39 ]. Recently, chitosan-based metal particle composites have been studied increasingly as an alternative adsorbent in water treatment, such as using metals [ 40 ], metal oxides [ 41 ], magnetite [ 42 ] and bimetals [ 43 ], to adsorb heavy metals and dyes from wastewater.

For example, chitosan-coated magnetite nanoparticles CMNP were prepared and used as bactericidal agent to remove organic contaminants and bacteria from water [ 14 ]. Moradi Dehaghi et al. The dissolution and swelling studies were performed on these composites, and crystallinity and surface morphology characterisation using X-ray diffraction, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy FT-IR and scanning electron microscope of nanocomposite samples were studied.

Based on the high sorbent capacity, CS-ZnONP beads could explore a new biocompatible and eco-friendly strategy for pesticide removal and could be used in water treatment process. Schematic representation of removal mechanism of chromium ions by chitosan-magnetite nanocomposite strip [ 42 ].

In their studies, Sureshkumar et al. After UV-VIS, X-ray diffraction and atomic force microscopy characterisation, these nanoparticles were mixed with chitosan solution to form hybrid nanocomposites. The affinity of hybrid nanocomposite for chromium was studied using K 2 Cr 2 O 7 potassium dichromate solution as the heavy metal solution containing Cr VI ions.

Adsorption tests were carried out using hybrid nanocomposite strips at different time intervals compared with chitosan-only strip Figure 9.

The chromium removal efficiency of chitosan strip is Based on these results, the chitosan-magnetite nanocomposite strips are highly efficient for chromium removal from tannery wastewaters.

Abd-Elhakeem et al. In their research they find that the adsorption capacities of the different contaminants considerably increased with chitosan-magnetite nanoparticle concentration. In the same studies, the influence on the bacterial growth was partially inhibited at concentration 0.

The complete growth inhibition has occurred at concentration of 0. Hritcu et al. Their sorption batch experiments were conducted for optimising the pH, initial target ion concentration and adsorbent amount.

The experimental data have emphasised that Langmuir isotherm model is the best fit; the material has a maximum adsorption capacity of Regeneration study demonstrated that Fe-Cc particles might be reused up to three times without significant loss in adsorption capacity.

Saifuddin and Dimara [ 46 ] have investigated the potential and effectiveness of applying chitosan-magnetite nanocomposite particles as a primary coagulant and flocculants compared with chitosan for pretreatment of palm oil mill effluent POME.

The experiments were carried out under different conditions of dosage and pH, and the performance was assessed in terms of turbidity, total suspended solids TSS and chemical oxygen demand COD reductions.

At the optimum conditions of pH and chitosan-magnetite, dosage was obtained about The synergistic effect of cationic character of both the chitosan amino group and the magnetite ion in the pretreatment process for POME brings about enhanced performance for effective agglomeration, adsorption and coagulation.

The results showed that coagulation with chitosan-magnetite or chitosan was an effective and environmentally friendly pretreatment technique for palm oil mill effluent wastewater compared to alum and alum polychloride-PAC which creates hazardous residual waste.

Due to their thermal and chemical stability and great potential for the separation of ions by cation exchange, zeolites are especially appealing among all kinds of inorganic fillers. Chitosan-zeolite composites have shown good adsorption properties for different pollutants such as dyes, phosphates, nitrates, ammonium and humic acids [ 47 — 49 ] as well as for the removal of heavy metal cations [ 50 , 51 ].

Nesic et al. Wan Ngah et al. The kinetic, adsorption isotherm and desorption studies have been completed. The optimum pH value was 3 and the best isotherm was fitted by the Redlich-Peterson and Langmuir models.

The percentage of Cu II desorption was only Our studies were focused on obtaining of chitosan-zeolite CZ composites using commercial chitosan and zeolites from local volcanic tuff deposits with 71— These composites were applied on organic impurities adsorption from poultry farm wastewaters.

Chitosan-zeolite composites have been prepared by the encapsulation method according to the procedure described by Wan Ngah et al. Aiming to form the composite beads, the obtained suspension was added dropwise into the precipitation bath containing NaOH, and the mixture was stirred for 3 h.

The formed beads were filtered and washed with distilled water to remove excess of NaOH and finally air-dried. After this, the beads of chitosan-zeolite composite were structurally characterised by SEM image analyses and EDX spectral analyses and used as adsorbent for the organic impurities from wastewater COD and greases and oil impurities.

From the SEM micrograph presented in Figure 11 , chitosan-zeolite composite has rough and flaky surface. Zeolite is present as loose aggregates of micrometric octahedral crystals included in cavities of a continuous polysaccharide matrix, in the case of evaporative drying; the shrinkage of the polysaccharide gel has led to a physical separation between polymer and embedded zeolites.

Chitosan-zeolite composite SEM images. The EDX spectra Figure 12 show the presence of sodium, which is originated from zeolite where the sodium ions counterbalance the negative charge of zeolite.

Carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, aluminium and silicon were found in chitosan-zeolite composites since they are the major components of chitosan and zeolite. EDX spectra of chitosan-zeolite composites. Experiments were carried out at 25 °C where different amounts of chitosan-zeolite composite ranging from 30 to mg were mixed with 50 ml wastewater and stirred at rpm for 60 min.

After adsorption, the mixture was filtered, and the removal percentage of chemical oxygen demand COD and fatty impurities was calculated using Eq. The effect of chitosan-zeolite composite dosage on the COD reduction. The effect of adsorbent dosage on the removal of COD is shown in Figure The quantity of COD removed increases as the chitosan-zeolite dosage increased.

This was due to the increase in the number of active sites on chitosan-zeolite composites. The dosage of 0. It can be observed that over this dosage, no further increase exists in the percentage removal of COD.

The effect of chitosan-zeolite composite dosage on the fatty and oil reduction. The reduction of fatty and oil impurities increases with the chitosan-zeolite composite dosage, as it can be observed in Figure It considers that the optimum dosage is at 0.

Compared with the use of chitosan and zeolites only as adsorbents, it can be observed from Figure 15 that the chitosan-zeolite composite performance is better. At the 60 min of adsorption time and the 0.

The pollutant reduction performances for different natural adsorbents. Based on their proved properties, chitosan can be a very promising adsorption additive for wastewater pollutants.

Aiming to improve their adsorption performances, chitosan can be modified by grafting, cross linking, functionalisation for forming composites, etc. Based on its origin product chitin which can be found abundant in marine media, i. in the exoskeleton of crustaceans or cartilages of mollusks , the potential of chitosan to be used as bio adsorbent for wastewater pollutants is strong.

However, the main drawback that limits the use of chitosan at industrial level is their low solubility in aqueous media. In this respect, the performances of chitosan can be improved by cross linking with different reagents, allowing chitosan composites to be used in acidic condition.

To form composites with chitosan, different kinds of substances have been used. The cationic nature of chitosan influences the adsorption mechanism of chitosan composites. In acid pH conditions, the amino groups of chitosan form protonated amines able to retain the metal ions or dye molecules from solutions or wastewaters.

Although there is a wide range of chitosan derivatives with adsorption properties raw chitosan, chitosan derivatives, chitosan composites, etc. This field of research has a great area for improvement, and based on a large quantity of promising results, it is the hope that chitosan and their composites can be applied commercially instead of only at laboratory scale.

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Impact of this chapter. Abstract In the last time, the use of natural additives that are biocompatible, are biodegradable, have low toxicity and are from renewable resources attracted attention of many researchers due to their high ability to retain different pollutants from wastewaters.

Keywords Chitosan Chitosan composites Wastewaters Chitosan-magnetite Chitosan-zeolites Adsorption isotherm Adsorption kinetics Pollutants Total suspended solids Chemical oxygen demand Heavy metal ions Removal efficiency. Introduction In the last time, different wastewater decontamination methods that include chemical precipitation, nanofiltration, solvent extraction, ion exchange, reverse osmosis and adsorption have been extensively studied.

Chitosan structure and properties Chitosan is a partially deacetylated polymer obtained by the alkaline deacetylation of chitin, a biopolymer extracted from shellfish sources.

Table 1. Table 2. The wastewater pollutant removal efficiency after chitosan treatment. Chitosan as adsorbent of metal ions Adsorption has been proven to be a reliable and economical alternative to remove the pollutants from wastewaters, and the use of chitosan as biosorbent for heavy metal ions is reported in a large quantity of literature studies.

Chitosan-zeolite composites in wastewater treatment Due to their thermal and chemical stability and great potential for the separation of ions by cation exchange, zeolites are especially appealing among all kinds of inorganic fillers.

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Ind Eng Chem Prod Res Dev — Download references. Department of Food Science and Technology, Catholic University of Taegu-Hyosung, Hayang, , South Korea. Department of Food Science, Louisiana State University, Baton Rouge, LA, , USA. You can also search for this author in PubMed Google Scholar.

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Sorry, a shareable link is not currently available for this article. Provided by the Springer Nature SharedIt content-sharing initiative. Policies and ethics. Skip to main content. Abstract Significant volumes of wastewaters, with organic and inorganic contaminants such as suspended solids, dyes, pesticides, toxicants, and heavy metals, are discharged from various industries.

Keywords Chemical Oxygen Demand Volatile Solid Cheese Whey Chitosan Derivative Chitosan Bead These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors.

Buying options Chapter EUR eBook EUR Softcover Book EUR Hardcover Book EUR Tax calculation will be finalised at checkout Purchases are for personal use only Learn about institutional subscriptions. Preview Unable to display preview. References Asano T, Havakawa N, Suzuki T Chitosan applications in wastewater sludge treatment.

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Significant volumes of wastewaters, with organic Sustainable agriculture policy advocacy inorganic contaminants such as suspended solids, wastf, pesticides, toxicants, ffor heavy metals, are discharged from Cognitive improvement tips industries. These wastewaters wastw a serious environmental problem Skincare for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation pose a threat to yreatment Chitosan for waste water treatment when Chitosab into rivers and lakes. Thus, such contaminants must be effectively removed to meet increasingly stringent environmental quality standards. It is becoming increasingly recognized that the nontoxic and biodegradable biopolymer chitosan can be used in wastewater treatment Peniston and Johnson These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. This is a preview of subscription content, log in via an institution. Untreated water on Essential amino acids after exercise left, treated water using a chitosan solution fr the right. Chitosan based solutions wzter been trusted waer North Skincare for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation in reducing turbidity and removing sater contaminants in the most sensitive ecosystems such treatmrnt Skincare for post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation treatent restoration and storm water canals. Solutions involving chitosan flocculants have more benefits than simply being environmentally friendly. Chitosan performs better than alternatives too. Chitosan-based treatment systems are adaptable and versatile to achieve water quality goals on projects with varying site conditions, soil types, and seasons. Additionally, it generates solids with a lower percentage of water entrained, which creates a stable and strong floc. A high-quality floc allows treatment systems to run more efficiently with benefits both upstream and downstream:. Chitosan for waste water treatment

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  1. Ich entschuldige mich, aber meiner Meinung nach sind Sie nicht recht. Ich kann die Position verteidigen.

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