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Binge eating disorder

Binge eating disorder

Women with eating disorders, such Broccoli and chicken meals binge eating diworder, bulimiaAntimicrobial efficacy anorexiahave a mental health condition Eatinng affects how they eat, and sometimes how they exercise. Massachusetts General Hospital Comprehensive Clinical Psychiatry. Any person, at any stage of their life, can experience an eating disorder. Home Mental health and wellbeing. Counselling and some medication, such as certain stimulants e. What is Body Dysmorphic Disorder? Binge eating disorder

Binge eating disorder -

Bariatric surgery has also been proposed as another approach to treat BED and a recent meta-analysis showed that approximately two-thirds of individuals who seek this type of surgery for weight loss purposes have BED.

Bariatric surgery recipients who had BED prior to receiving the surgery tend to have poorer weight-loss outcomes and are more likely to continue to exhibit eating behaviors characteristic of BED. Other treatments for BED include lifestyle interventions like weight training, peer support groups, and investigation of hormonal abnormalities.

Individuals with BED often have a lower overall quality of life and commonly experience social difficulties. Individuals who have BED commonly have other comorbidities such as major depressive disorder , personality disorder , bipolar disorder , substance abuse , body dysmorphic disorder , kleptomania , irritable bowel syndrome , fibromyalgia , or an anxiety disorder.

While people of a normal weight may overeat occasionally, an ongoing habit of consuming large amounts of food in a short period of time may ultimately lead to weight gain and obesity. The main physical health consequences of this type of eating disorder are brought on by the weight gain resulting from calorie-laden bingeing episodes.

Mental and emotional consequences of binge eating disorder include social weight stigma and emotional loss of control. BED cases usually occur between the ages of Binge eating disorder is the most common eating disorder in adults. The limited amount of research that has been done on BED shows that rates of binge eating disorder are fairly comparable among men and women.

Incidents rates of Recent studies found that eating disorders which included anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and binge-eating disorder are common among sexual and gender minority populations, including gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender people. This could be due to the stress and discrimination this population experiences.

Due to limited and inconsistent information and research on ethnic and racial differences, prevalence rates are hard to determine for BED. This can be partly attributed to "significantly higher thin ideal internalization" compared to other ethnic groups.

Migration can also influence BED risk. Mexican-American immigrants have been observed to face a greater risk of BED following migration.

Individuals with low socioeconomic status often face many barriers in the diagnosis and treatment of eating disorders like BED. These barriers include longer clinical waiting times, worse care, and less clinical investigation for individuals that "defy illness stereotypes.

Low food security has been shown to increase the prevalence and frequency of binge eating. Contrary to historical beliefs, BED is not limited to Western societies. Evidence of increasing eating disorder prevalence has been observed in "non-Western countries and among ethnic minorities.

The prevalence of BED is lower in Nordic countries compared to Europe in a study that included Finland, Sweden, Norway, and Iceland.

In a study that included Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, and Venezuela, the point prevalence for BED was 3. BED is co-morbid with diabetes, hypertension, previous stroke, and heart disease in some individuals.

In people who have obsessive-compulsive disorder or bipolar I or II disorders, BED lifetime prevalence was found to be higher.

Additionally, 30 to 40 percent of individuals seeking treatment for weight-loss can be diagnosed with binge eating disorder. Eating disorders are oftentimes underreported in men. Little is known if this discrepancy is an indicator of later onset of body image distortion in males or a consequence of female-centric diagnostic frameworks for eating disorders.

The lack of representation of men in eating disorder research has been hindered by historical perceptions of eating disorders as a "female phenomenon. The disorder was first described in by psychiatrist and researcher Albert Stunkard as " night eating syndrome " NES.

There is generally less research on binge eating disorder in comparison to anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa. Contents move to sidebar hide. Article Talk.

Read Edit View history. Tools Tools. What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Cite this page Get shortened URL Download QR code Wikidata item. Download as PDF Printable version. In other projects. Wikimedia Commons. Eating disorder characterized by overeating.

Medical condition. Psychiatric Clinics of North America. doi : PMID S2CID Ann Gastroenterol. PMC International Journal of Obesity. Journal of Psychosomatic Research. Chronobiology International. European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences. Leicester [u. ISBN Psychological Medicine.

The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Archived from the original PDF on 6 July Retrieved 23 November Overcoming binge eating: the proven program to learn why you binge and how you can stop 2nd ed.

New York: Guilford Publications. Nation Health Service. Retrieved 19 January Psychiatria Polska. Archived from the original on 3 October European Eating Disorders Review.

Therapy options include cognitive behavioral therapy, interpersonal psychotherapy, dialectical behavior therapy, weight loss therapy, and medication. These may be carried out on a one-to-one basis, in a group setting, or in a self-help format. In some people, just one type of therapy may be required, while others may need to try different combinations until they find the right fit.

A medical or mental health professional can provide advice on selecting an individual treatment plan. Cognitive behavioral therapy CBT for BED focuses on analyzing the relationships between negative thoughts, feelings, and behaviors related to eating, body shape, and weight 2 , Once the causes of negative emotions and patterns have been identified, strategies can be developed to help people change them 2.

Specific interventions include setting goals, self-monitoring, achieving regular meal patterns, changing thoughts about self and weight, and encouraging healthy weight-control habits Therapist-led CBT has been demonstrated to be the most effective treatment for people with BED.

Alternatively, guided self-help CBT is another option. In this format, participants are usually given a manual to work through on their own, along with the opportunity to attend some additional meetings with a therapist to help guide them and set goals The self-help form of therapy is often cheaper and more accessible, and there are websites and mobile apps that offer support.

Self-help CBT has been shown to be an effective alternative to traditional CBT 24 , CBT focuses on identifying the negative feelings and behaviors that cause binge eating and helps put strategies in place to improve them.

It is the most effective treatment for BED and may be done with a therapist or in a self-help format. Interpersonal psychotherapy IPT is based on the idea that binge eating is a coping mechanism for unresolved personal problems such as grief, relationship conflicts, significant life changes, or underlying social problems The goal is to identify the specific problem linked to the negative eating behavior, acknowledge it, and then make constructive changes over 12—16 weeks 2 , Therapy may either be in a group format or on a one-to-one basis with a trained therapist, and it may sometimes be combined with CBT.

There is strong evidence that this type of therapy has both short- and long-term positive effects on reducing binge eating behavior. It is the only other therapy with long-term outcomes as good as CBT It may be particularly effective for people with more severe forms of binge eating and those with lower self-esteem IPT views binge eating as a coping mechanism for underlying personal problems.

It addresses binge eating behaviors by acknowledging and treating those underlying problems. It is a successful therapy, particularly for severe cases. Dialectical behavior therapy DBT views binge eating as an emotional reaction to negative experiences that the person has no other way of coping with It teaches people to regulate their emotional responses so that they can cope with negative situations in daily life without binging The four key areas of treatment in DBT are mindfulness, distress tolerance, emotion regulation, and interpersonal effectiveness However, there is limited information on the long-term effectiveness of DBT and how it compares with CBT and IPT.

While research on this treatment is promising, more studies are needed to determine if it could be applied to all people with BED. DBT sees binge eating as a response to negative experiences in daily life.

It uses techniques like mindfulness and the regulation of emotions to help people cope better and stop binging. It is unclear if it is effective in the long term. Behavioral weight loss therapy aims to help people lose weight, which may reduce binge eating behavior by improving self-esteem and body image.

The intent is to make gradual healthy lifestyle changes in regards to diet and exercise, as well as monitor food intake and thoughts about food throughout the day. Weight loss of about 1 pound 0. While weight loss therapy may help improve body image and reduce weight and the health risks associated with obesity, it has not been shown to be as effective as CBT or IPT at stopping binge eating 23 , 25 , 28 , As with regular weight loss treatment for obesity, behavioral weight loss therapy has been shown to help people achieve only short-term, moderate weight loss However, it may still be a good option for people who were not successful with other therapies or are primarily interested in losing weight Weight loss therapy aims to improve binge eating symptoms by reducing weight in hopes that this will improve body image.

It is not as successful as CBT or interpersonal therapy, but it may be useful for some individuals. Several medications have been found to treat binge eating and are often cheaper and faster than traditional therapy.

Available treatments include antidepressants , antiepileptic drugs like topiramate, and drugs traditionally used for hyperactive disorders, such as lisdexamfetamine 2.

Research has found that medications have an advantage over a placebo for the short-term reduction of binge eating. Medications have been shown to be Others get well but may relapse and need treatment again.

Binge eating disorder can cause problems getting pregnant and during pregnancy, including having an infant that is large-for-gestational-age. Obesity raises the level of the hormone estrogen in your body. Higher levels of estrogen can stop you from ovulating, or releasing an egg from the ovary.

This can make it more difficult to get pregnant. However, if you do not want to have children right now and have sex, you should use birth control. Overweight or obesity may also cause problems during pregnancy. Overweight and obesity raises your risk for:.

Pregnancy can raise the risk for binge eating disorder in women who are at higher risk for eating disorders. In one study, almost half of the women with binge eating disorder got the condition during pregnancy. The research suggests that binge eating during pregnancy may be caused by: After pregnancy, postpartum depression and weight from pregnancy can trigger binge eating disorder in women with a history of binge eating.

Women with binge eating disorder before pregnancy often gain more weight during pregnancy than women without an eating disorder.

Researchers think that weight gain during pregnancy may cause some women who had binge eating disorder before pregnancy to binge eat during pregnancy. Women who have recovered from binge eating disorder, are at a healthy weight, and have normal menstrual cycles have a better chance of getting pregnant and having a safe and healthy pregnancy.

Some medicines used to treat binge eating disorder can pass through breastmilk. Certain antidepressants can be used safely during breastfeeding.

Talk to your doctor to find out what medicine works best for you. Learn more about medicines and breastfeeding in our Breastfeeding section.

You can also enter a medicine into the LactMed® database to find out if the medicine passes through breastmilk and about any possible side effects for your nursing baby.

For more information about binge eating disorder, call the OWH Helpline at or contact the following organizations:. A federal government website managed by the Office on Women's Health in the Office of the Assistant Secretary for Health at the U.

Department of Health and Human Services. ET closed on federal holidays. Breadcrumb Home Mental Health Mental health conditions Eating disorders Binge eating disorder. Binge eating disorder. Binge eating disorder Binge eating disorder is the most common type of eating disorder in the United States.

What is binge eating disorder? What is the difference between binge eating disorder and other eating disorders? Who is at risk for binge eating disorder?

Women and girls who diet often are 12 times more likely to binge eat than women and girls who do not diet. On average, women develop binge eating disorder in their early to mids. What are the symptoms of binge eating disorder?

Binge eating disorder means you have at least three of these symptoms while binging: 8 Eating faster than normal Eating until uncomfortably full Eating large amounts of food when not hungry Eating alone because of embarrassment Feeling disgusted, depressed, or guilty afterward People with binge eating disorder may also have other mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, or substance abuse.

What causes binge eating disorder? How does binge eating disorder affect a woman's health? Obesity raises your risk for many serious health problems: 12 Type 2 diabetes Heart disease High blood pressure High cholesterol Gallbladder disease Certain types of cancer, including breast, endometrial a type of uterine cancer , colorectal, kidney, esophageal, pancreatic, thyroid, and gallbladder cancer 13 Problems with your menstrual cycle, including preventing ovulation , which can make it harder to get pregnant People with binge eating disorder often have other serious mental health disorders such as depression, anxiety, or problems with substance use.

How is binge eating disorder diagnosed? How is binge eating disorder treated? Treatment plans may include one or more of the following: Psychotherapy. Sometimes called "talk therapy," psychotherapy is counseling to help you change any harmful thoughts or behaviors.

This therapy may focus on the importance of talking about your feelings and how they affect what you do. For example, you might talk about how stress triggers a binge.

You may work one-on-one with a therapist or in a group with others who have binge eating disorder. Nutritional counseling. A registered dietitian can help you eat in a healthier way.

Medicine, such as appetite suppressants or antidepressants prescribed by a doctor. Antidepressants may help some girls and women with binge eating disorder who also have anxiety or depression. How does binge eating disorder affect pregnancy? Overweight and obesity raises your risk for: Gestational hypertension high blood pressure during pregnancy and preeclampsia high blood pressure and kidney problems during pregnancy.

If not controlled, both problems can threaten the life of the mother and the baby. Gestational diabetes diabetes that starts during pregnancy. If not controlled, gestational diabetes can cause you to have a large baby.

This raises your risk for a C-section. The research suggests that binge eating during pregnancy may be caused by: 17 Worry over pregnancy weight gain. Women may binge because they feel a loss of control over their bodies because of the pregnancy weight.

Bine disorder Beetroot juice and improved exercise performance a serious eatinb disorder in which you frequently consume unusually large amounts of food and feel unable Natural weight loss remedies stop eating. Almost everyone Antimicrobial efficacy on occasion, Bnige as having seconds Disrder thirds of a holiday meal. But for some people, excessive overeating that feels out of control and becomes a regular occurrence crosses the line to binge-eating disorder. When you have binge-eating disorder, you may be embarrassed about overeating and vow to stop. But you feel such a compulsion that you can't resist the urges and continue binge eating. If you have binge-eating disorder, treatment can help. Official websites Binge eating disorder. gov A. gov website belongs to eatiny official government organization in eatinh United States. Alternate-day fasting tips website. Eatting sensitive information only on official, secure websites. Binge eating disorder is an eating disorder in which a person regularly eats unusually large amounts of food. During binge eating, the person also feels a loss of control and is not able to stop eating.

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