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Blood sugar management

Blood sugar management

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Blood sugar management -

High blood sugar, also known as hyperglycemia, is associated with diabetes, a disease that can cause heart attack, heart failure, stroke, and kidney failure.

High blood sugar occurs when your body fails to produce enough insulin or use insulin efficiently. You can help to control your blood sugar levels with a few natural adjustments to your lifestyle and diet.

Of course, you should discuss changes with your health provider first. If you need a primary care physician, book your appointment online at gradyhealth.

org , use MyChart , or call Back to Blog 8 Ways to Lower Your Blood Sugar August 2, But there are simple steps you can take to lower your blood sugar levels naturally: 1.

Exercise regularly Regular exercise can help improve your insulin sensitivity, which means your cells can better use the sugar in your blood, reducing blood sugar levels. Good forms of exercise include weightlifting, walking briskly, running, bicycling, dancing, hiking, and swimming.

Manage your carbs You body converts carbs into sugar, then insulin helps your body to use and store sugar for energy.

Drink water instead of sugar-sweetened beverages. Choose foods that are lower in calories, saturated fat , trans fat , sugar, and salt. Learn more about eating, diet, and nutrition with diabetes. Set a goal to be more physically active.

Try to work up to 30 minutes or more of physical activity on most days of the week. Brisk walking and swimming are good ways to move more. If you are not active now, ask your health care team about the types and amounts of physical activity that are right for you.

Learn more about being physically active with diabetes. Following your meal plan and being more active can help you stay at or get to a healthy weight. If you are overweight or obese, work with your health care team to create a weight-loss plan that is right for you. Take your medicines for diabetes and any other health problems, even when you feel good or have reached your blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol goals.

These medicines help you manage your ABCs. Ask your doctor if you need to take aspirin to prevent a heart attack or stroke. Tell your health care professional if you cannot afford your medicines or if you have any side effects from your medicines.

Learn more about insulin and other diabetes medicines. For many people with diabetes, checking their blood glucose level each day is an important way to manage their diabetes. Monitoring your blood glucose level is most important if you take insulin. The results of blood glucose monitoring can help you make decisions about food, physical activity, and medicines.

The most common way to check your blood glucose level at home is with a blood glucose meter. You get a drop of blood by pricking the side of your fingertip with a lancet.

Then you apply the blood to a test strip. The meter will show you how much glucose is in your blood at the moment. Ask your health care team how often you should check your blood glucose levels.

Make sure to keep a record of your blood glucose self-checks. You can print copies of this glucose self-check chart. Take these records with you when you visit your health care team. Continuous glucose monitoring CGM is another way to check your glucose levels.

Most CGM systems use a tiny sensor that you insert under your skin. If the CGM system shows that your glucose is too high or too low, you should check your glucose with a blood glucose meter before making any changes to your eating plan, physical activity, or medicines.

A CGM system is especially useful for people who use insulin and have problems with low blood glucose. Talk with your health care team about the best target range for you. Be sure to tell your health care professional if your glucose levels often go above or below your target range.

Sometimes blood glucose levels drop below where they should be, which is called hypoglycemia. Hypoglycemia can be life threatening and needs to be treated right away. Learn more about how to recognize and treat hypoglycemia. If you often have high blood glucose levels or symptoms of high blood glucose, talk with your health care team.

You may need a change in your diabetes meal plan, physical activity plan, or medicines. Most people with diabetes get health care from a primary care professional. Primary care professionals include internists, family physicians, and pediatricians. Sometimes physician assistants and nurses with extra training, called nurse practitioners, provide primary care.

You also will need to see other care professionals from time to time. A team of health care professionals can help you improve your diabetes self-care. Remember, you are the most important member of your health care team. This condition also is called hypoglycemia.

Your blood sugar level can drop for many reasons, including skipping a meal, unintentionally taking more medication than usual or being more physically active than usual. If you have symptoms of low blood sugar, drink or eat something that will quickly raise your blood sugar level. Examples include fruit juice, glucose tablets, hard candy or another source of sugar.

Retest your blood in 15 minutes. If levels are not at your target, eat or drink another source of sugar. Eat a meal after your blood sugar level returns to normal. If you lose consciousness, you need to be given an emergency injection of glucagon, a hormone that stimulates the release of sugar into the blood.

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Explore Mayo Clinic studies testing new treatments, interventions and tests as a means to prevent, detect, treat or manage this condition. Careful management of type 2 diabetes can reduce the risk of serious — even life-threatening — complications. Consider these tips:.

Many alternative medicine treatments claim to help people living with diabetes. According to the National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health, studies haven't provided enough evidence to recommend any alternative therapies for blood sugar management.

Research has shown the following results about popular supplements for type 2 diabetes:. Talk to your health care provider before starting a dietary supplement or natural remedy.

Do not replace your prescribed diabetes medicines with alternative medicines. Type 2 diabetes is a serious disease, and following your diabetes treatment plan takes commitment. To effectively manage diabetes, you may need a good support network.

Anxiety and depression are common in people living with diabetes. Talking to a counselor or therapist may help you cope with the lifestyle changes and stress that come with a type 2 diabetes diagnosis.

Support groups can be good sources of diabetes education, emotional support and helpful information, such as how to find local resources or where to find carbohydrate counts for a favorite restaurant. If you're interested, your health care provider may be able to recommend a group in your area.

You can visit the American Diabetes Association website to check out local activities and support groups for people living with type 2 diabetes. The American Diabetes Association also offers online information and online forums where you can chat with others who are living with diabetes. You also can call the organization at DIABETES At your annual wellness visit, your health care provider can screen for diabetes and monitor and treat conditions that increase your risk of diabetes, such as high blood pressure, high cholesterol or a high BMI.

If you are seeing your health care provider because of symptoms that may be related to diabetes, you can prepare for your appointment by being ready to answer the following questions:. If you are diagnosed with diabetes, your health care provider may begin a treatment plan.

Or you may be referred to a doctor who specializes in hormonal disorders, called an endocrinologist. Your care team also may include the following specialists:. Talk to your health care provider about referrals to other specialists who may be providing care. Before any appointment with a member of your treatment team, make sure you know whether there are any restrictions, such as not eating or drinking before taking a test.

Questions that you should regularly talk about with your health care provider or other members of the team include:. Your health care provider is likely to ask you questions at your appointments. Those questions may include:. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products.

Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic Press. This content does not have an English version. This content does not have an Arabic version.

Diagnosis Type 2 diabetes is usually diagnosed using the glycated hemoglobin A1C test. Results are interpreted as follows: Below 5. More Information A1C test Glucose tolerance test. More Information Medications for type 2 diabetes GLP-1 agonists: Diabetes drugs and weight loss Bariatric surgery Endoscopic sleeve gastroplasty Gastric bypass Roux-en-Y Show more related information.

Request an appointment. Thank you for subscribing! Sorry something went wrong with your subscription Please, try again in a couple of minutes Retry. More Information Caffeine: Does it affect blood sugar? By Mayo Clinic Staff. Show references Professional Practice Committee: Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes — Diabetes Care.

Diabetes mellitus. Merck Manual Professional Version. Accessed Dec. Melmed S, et al. Williams Textbook of Endocrinology. Elsevier; Diabetes overview.

National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases. Type 2 diabetes. Mayo Clinic; Feldman M, et al. Surgical and endoscopic treatment of obesity. In: Sleisenger and Fordtran's Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease: Pathophysiology, Diagnosis, Management.

Accessed Oct.

Experts agree that individuals living with type managemenf diabetes Bllood improve their symptoms Gluten-free pasta a few simple Treating skin allergies tweaks. Mental concentration techniques Fitness supplements online changes help? Yes, says Jill Weisenberger, Manayementa Treating skin allergies of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics and the author of 21 Things You Need to Know About Diabetes and Your Heart. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention CDCit helps prevent or delay diabetes complicationsincluding heart, kidney, eye, and nerve diseases. It can change the course of the disease entirely. Crandall says making a few key lifestyle changes can sometimes eliminate the need for medication. Treating skin allergies such as exercising Blkod and eating more Diabetic nephropathy lifestyle changes Treating skin allergies probiotics, among managemejt, may sugaar lower Treating skin allergies blood sugar levels. High blood sugar, also manabement as hyperglycemia, is sugaf with diabetes and prediabetes. Prediabetes is when your blood sugar is high, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes. Your body usually manages your blood sugar levels by producing insulin, a hormone that allows your cells to use the circulating sugar in your blood. As such, insulin is the most important regulator of blood sugar levels 1. The latter is known as insulin resistance 1.

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